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Trade and Commerce

   Prospects for Global and Regional Integration in the Maghreb
Keynote Speakers: John Veroneau, Deputy US Trade Representative and Dan S. Sullivan, Assistant Secretary for Economic, Energy, and Business Affairs Peterson Institute, Washington, DC May 29, 2008
The Peterson Institute released a study examining the prospects for greater global and regional integration of the Maghreb countries—Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia—on May 29, 2008. Ambassador John Veroneau, Deputy US Trade Representative, and Dan S. Sullivan, Assistant Secretary for Economic, Energy, and Business Affairs, delivered the keynote addresses, and Ambassadors Aziz Mekouar, Morocco, and Mohamed Nejib Hachana, Tunisia, gave the closing remarks. The Maghreb study is headed by Senior Fellow Gary Hufbauer in collaboration with Ambassador Stuart Eizenstat from Covington & Burling.

The project addresses Maghreb integration with the European Union and the United States as well as integration within the Maghreb region itself.  It estimates the potential gains from tariff liberalization for the Maghreb countries and how best to remove nontariff barriers in several key sectors of their economies. In light of the great interest of the United States and the European Union in achieving political stability in the Maghreb region, this project assesses in particular the potential role of those two players in promoting a much higher degree of regional integration within the Maghreb.

Event Materials

Papers and Presentations

Introduction and Overview Fred Bergsten, Peterson Institute
Mostafa Terrab, Office Cherifien des Phosphates Group
Keynote Speakers Ambassador John Veroneau, Deputy US Trade Representative
Dan S. Sullivan, Assistant Secretary for Economic, Energy, and Business Affairs
Presenters Stuart Eizenstat
Covington & Burling
Political Economy and Regional Integration
paper [pdf]| remarks [pdf]
  Dean DeRosa
ADR International Ltd
Trade and Investment
paper [pdf]
    Gravity Model Analysis
[pdf]| presentation [pdf]
  Antoine Bouët
International Food Policy Research Institute
A MIRAGE Model Analysis
presentation [pdf]
  Gary Clyde Hufbauer
Peterson Institute
Recommendations to Revive Regional Integration
paper [pdf]| presentation [pdf]
  Francis Ghilès
European Institute of the Mediterranean
Energy Sector Study
paper in French [pdf]
  Abderrahmane Hadj Nacer
International Maghreb Merchant Bank
Banking and Insurance Sector Study
paper in French [pdf]
  Nordine Ouabdesselam
Transport Sector Study
paper [pdf]
  Hassan Benabderrazik
Food Industry Sector Study
paper [pdf]
Closing Remarks Ambassador Aziz Mekouar of Morocco
Ambassador Mohamed Nejib Hachana of Tunisia

   Clippings on the Morocco-USA Free Trade Agreement

    The United States and the Kingdom of Morocco negotiate free trade agreement as old friends with new priorities

The United States and the Kingdom of Morocco Negotiate Free Trade Agreement as Old Friends with New Priorities In an April 23, 2002, White House ceremony, President George W. Bush and His Majesty (HM) King Mohammed VI of the Kingdom of Morocco jointly announced the intention of the two historically close nations to secure a Free Trade Agreement. A U.S. Morocco Free Trade Agreement will be the culmination of a long history of economic cooperation that includes the 1991 U.S. Morocco Bilateral Investment Treaty and the 1995 Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). ...

    News about US/Morocco free trade on Marketplace Radio (heard on select public radio stations)

    Ketama Gold puts Morocco top of Europe's cannabis league Trying to please Europe by persuading farmers to grow avocados is not succeeding
Giles Tremlett in Chaouen, Morocco Tuesday May 27, 2003 The Guardian
Dealers off the colourful Outa el Hammam square in the medina were at their most solicitous. "Hello my friend. You want kif? I have very good stuff, 10 euros, come and smoke some." ...........

    Homegrown cannabis outstrips imports from Morocco
Alan Travis, home affairs editor Monday March 17, 2003  The Guardian
The majority of cannabis now consumed in England and Wales has not been smuggled in but is actually grown here, according to a study to be published next month.  The research for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation reveals that there has been a sharp rise in recent years in domestic cultivation, particularly in homegrown cannabis for personal use.....

    Lost jobs done in Morocco for 50p an hour .
Oct 14 2002 By Ceri Jones, The Western
DEWHIRST workers have lost their jobs to foreign workers paid just 50p an hour, it was revealed last night. The news is the final insult to more than 500 staff at the company's last remaining factories in Wales who will lose their jobs next month.......

    IMF upbeat on Morocco
Friday, 3 August, 2001,
Morocco's reforms are paying off but the country needs step up the pace of economic growth to deal with poverty and unemployment, according to the International Monetary Fund......

    Morocco's bid to win back its people.
By Eileen Byrne, In Casablanca Monday, 16 September, 2002
Mohammed Khatiri looks every inch a Euro-Moroccan yuppie as he sits in a stylish Casablanca café. Five months ago he returned to the country he left as a child in 1970, to run a local building renovation business he had acquired with his brother........................

    Moroccan jobless left adrift.
Wednesday, 12 June, 2002, By Eileen Byrne In Rabat
It sounded too good to be true.  When Saed, 25, heard on the grapevine that Gulf-based Al-Najat Marine Shipping wanted to hire 30,000 Moroccans to work on cruise ships, it was a chance not to be missed.............

    Bush Gets Moroccan View of the Middle East
Nora Boustany  Washington Post Wednesday April 24, 2002 A18
After postponing his wedding and planned public festivities this month as a gesture of sympathy for the recent loss of life in the West Bank, Morocco's King Mohammed VI arrived Sunday on a state visit to Washington without his intended bride. He lunched at the White House yesterday with President Bush, who sounded out the 39-year-old monarch on an Israeli-proposed Middle East peace conference. Bush plans to hear the views of other U .S. allies when Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah visits Crawford, Tex., this week and when Jordan's King Abdullah arrives in early May, Moroccan sources disclosed.     MORE

    President Calls for Free Trade Agreement with Morocco.
Office of the Press Secretary April 23, 2002


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