The mineret that takes you home

About Membership Volunteer Newsletters Souk Links

Morocco Week in Review 
January 18, 2020

Virtual Magazine of Morocco on the Web

Sexual Violence: Morocco’s Victim-Blaming Culture Impedes Progress

In May 2019, the Moroccan government released the results of a survey showing that over 50% of Moroccan women have experienced sexual or gender-based violence (SGBV).

By Madeleine Handaji - Jan 12, 2020 Rabat

In 2017, a UN survey asked men across Morocco if “women who dress provocatively deserve to be harassed.” Seventy-eight percent of Moroccan men agreed with the statement. Heading into 2020, little has changed, and Moroccan media outlets, social media users, and even judicial officials still comment on what female assault victims were wearing or doing, rather than unequivocally condemning the attack. 

Following a recent viral video of a young woman, initially reported being a Moroccan citizen, screaming for help as a horde of Egyptian men grabbed at her, shouting insults, and tearing her clothes, an alarming number of Moroccans took to Facebook to the blame victim. Citing her choice of clothing, the social media users slut-shamed the young woman, rather than condemning her attackers.  Both men and women responded on Facebook to the video, originally posted by Al Yaoum 24, saying that the young woman in the footage deserved the attack. “The outfit she is wearing is the problem and is the reason for the harassment,” one male social media user commented. A woman responded to the comment saying: “Why is she outside at night almost naked? She deserves this, she is asking for it.”

Morocco – Stuck Between Modernity and Social Mores

As more movements pushing for further democratization and liberties see the day, the question on whether or not a change will be seen in the laws governing our country remains ambiguous. 

By Rim Belkouadssi - Jan 12, 2020 Florida

Morocco’s changing social landscape has shed light on the dichotomy created by modernization, effectively splitting the country between religious and social mores and the distance the new generation has put between themselves and the latter. Yet the dichotomy is not clearly split in the middle, for the “more open-minded” generation has internalized some of the values they have been brought up on, thus, creating a schizophrenic ethos and never truly settling on one identity or the other.  As more movements pushing for further democratization and liberties see the day, the question on whether or not a change will be seen in the laws governing our country remains ambiguous.

Identity and Language among the Amazigh People of Morocco

Watch the video here:

Part 6 in our series takes a deeper look into Morocco's unique history of religious tolerance and how we can teach tolerance to new generations through preserving cultural heritage

Morocco to Produce Surplus of Citrus, Dairy, Eggs in Next 5 Years.

Morocco will grow far more citrus fruits than it will consume in the next five years but will not produce as much wheat and other cereals as Moroccans eat.

By Morocco World News - Dec 30, 2019 Rabat

Morocco is set to produce a large surplus of citrus and dairy between the years 2019 and 2025, reports AgriMaroc. The country will produce 1.5 times the citrus and more than twice the dairy that Moroccans consume annually. Morocco will also have a 53% surplus in egg production beyond consumption needs, 44% in white meat production, 41% in potato production, 20% in tomato production, and 18% in red meat production.
At the same time, the country is set to experience a shortage in cereals.

Moroccan Universities to Launch Bachelor System Starting September 2020

Morocco is switching from an LMD higher education system, mainly used in Francophone countries, towards the Bachelor system used in the Anglophone world. The minister gave American universities as examples, stating that nearly 50 American higher education institutions are ranked among the top 100 universities in the world, according to the Times Higher Education. The Bachelor is the most widespread university degree in the world, Amzazi stressed, noting that the adoption of this system by Morocco is based on recommendations from Moroccan institutions.
An evaluation carried out by Moroccan universities has detected a number of deficiencies in the old Licence, Master, Doctorat (LMD) system, noted the official.

US-Morocco to Develop Primary School Teacher Training

Promoting education is vital in order for Morocco to prepare future generations to integrate into the labor market and drive up the economy.
By Hamza Guessous - Jan 7, 2020 Rabat

In addition to collaborating in the fight against terrorism among other fields, the US and Morocco have launched another collaboration to develop a rigorous primary school teacher training program in order to provide Moroccan teachers with the necessary skills to prepare the youth for tomorrow’s challenges. The launch of the Higher Education Partnership took place at a ceremony in Marrakech, presided over by Charge d’Affaires at the U.S. Mission to Morocco David Greene and the Minister Delegate for Higher Education and Scientific Research, Driss Ouaouicha. The program is an implementation of the provisions of Law No. 51-17 relating to the education, training, and scientific research system, uniting the Ministry of National Education, Vocational Training, Higher Education, and Scientific Research and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

'Kingdom of Morocco is good for the Jewish community'

"Moroccan Jewry is very, very well off," said Rabbi Dr. Yitzhak Sabag of the rabbis of Moroccan Jewry in an interview with Arutz Sheva Tuesday.
Rabbi Sabag stated that many people from all over the world come to visit the Jewish community in Morocco, especially to visit the graves of numerous Righteous Among the Nations who rescued Jews during the Holocaust."We are a community of 1500-1800 members," said Rabbi Sabag, who added that there is a rich Torah educational world in the community. "My wife is one of the principals at the school," says the rabbi.
Rabbi Dr. Sabag emphasized that the rabbinical court is totally and officially recognized by the kingdom. "This is the only place in the world that is the case," he stated. "The rabbinical court belongs to the Ministry of Justice and the ruling of the rabbinical court is considered a ruling on behalf of the king." Rabbi Dr. Yitzhak Sabag describes tolerance enjoyed by Jewish community of Morocco. 'Lubavitcher Rebbe called Morocco a kingdom of grace.'

Is this the most Instagrammable place on earth? Moroccan city with dazzling blue walls has been 'ruined' by selfie-seekers, rages travel guide - but locals insist tourists have changed their lives

By Claire Toureille For Mailonline Published: 4 January 2020

Tourists who turn up in Chefchaouen, a small city in Northern Morocco where the walls are drenched in blue, are hoping for the perfect selfie when they strike a pose. However, first they must jostle with a small army of tourists seeking exactly the same thing. So photogenic is Chefchaouen that esteemed travel guide Fodor's is fearing for its future, saying the off-the-beaten track destination has been ruined by Instagrammers.

Swiss Millionaire Donates €2 Million to Homeless Children in Morocco.

“Since I started helping these children, I became the happiest man on Earth, I became father to 100 children!”

By Yahia Hatim - Jan 4, 2020 Rabat

A Swiss businessman has donated half his fortune, €2 million, to provide shelter for a hundred abandoned children in Tahanaout, around 35 kilometers south of Marrakech. “We need to save these children, guide them. It cost me €2 million. It is half of what I own. I have three sons. I brought them here and told them that their dad will give another meaning to half of their inheritance. I spent €2 million here with a lot of joy,” says Hansjorg Huber, the Swiss millionaire, in a video. The Children of the Atlas Association, the beneficiary of the donation, made a short documentary showing the accommodations that host more than 100 abandoned children in the village of Tahanaout.

Washington DC to Celebrate Moroccan Entrepreneurs on ‘Morocco Day’

Moroccans and US citizens celebrate Morocco’s diversity and culture annually on March 29 after the mayor of Washington, D.C., Muriel Bowser, declared the day “Morocco Day.”

By Safaa Kasraoui - Safaa Kasraoui is a journalist at Morocco World News. Jan 5, 2020 Rabat

The Moroccan American Network, an organization that creates opportunities for small, Moroccan-owned businesses in the US, will bring together Moroccan small business owners in the US to share their “success stories.” Moroccan business holders in the US will share their expertise at the 5th Morocco Day, an annual symposium held on March 29 in Washington, D.C. to celebrate the country’s diversity and culture. The network selected “Moroccan success stories in Washington” as a theme this year.

Moroccan officials attend Hanukkah event in Casablanca

“Morocco, under the leadership and inspiration of King Mohammed VI, has been a true example for the world of what coexistence between all peoples looks like.”


In a historic moment in the Kingdom of Morocco, two prominent royal-appointed officials attended the Jewish community of Casablanca's Hanukkah facilities, reported. Casablanca-Anfa prefecture Governor Rachid Afirat and Casablanca-Settat region Wali Said Ahmidouch joined 800 members of the city's Jewish community at a hotel for an event organized by the Council of Jewish Communities of Morocco, the SOC, David Hamelech Synagogue and the Jeunesse Chabad of Morocco.

Morocco’s Amazigh to Celebrate New Year Amid Campaigns for Recognition

Amazigh (Berber) people in North Africa and around the world celebrate their own new year, “Yennayer,” on January 12th as activists advocate for the holiday’s national recognition

By Henry Hylbert - Jan 11, 2020 Rabat

On Sunday, January 12, while the rest of the world recovers from Gregorian Calendar New Year festivities, the Imazighen (Berber) of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Western Egypt will celebrate their 2970th Yennayer or “Amazigh New Year.” Amazigh people celebrate Yennayer with traditional food, music, and dance on January 12th, the eve of the first day of their agrarian, or agricultural calendar. Amazigh activist, Ibrahim El Hiyani, told Morocco World News that Yennayer “is associated with the god of fertility and agriculture.” As with most Moroccan celebrations, couscous remains a staple for Yennayer festivities—but with a caveat. Amazigh activist Lahcen Amokrane says that the Amazigh people in southeast Morocco traditionally hide a date stone or an almond in the plate couscous.

2020 Student Forums in Morocco Expect More Than 500,000 Visitors

Student Forums represent a platform for students to learn about higher education institutions and plan their future.

By Yahia Hatim - Jan 13, 2020 Rabat

The Moroccan Student Group, a web portal for student exchange and orientation, has announced its planning for the 2020 Student Forums that will take place between January 30 and April 20. Student Forums are a series of meetings between students, higher education institutions, and experts in student orientation that aim to help young people build their academic and professional plans. The events take place in several cities across Morocco. “Each year, these proximity events welcome more than 500,000 visitors from both urban areas and the rural world, who benefit from access to information thanks to territorial coverage affecting the 12 regions of the Kingdom. Future high school graduates, university students, and parents benefit from personalized support from professionals to make the right choice,” say the organizers in an online post.

Amazigh Women Inspire Vogue Arabia’s January 2020 Cover

Amazigh storytelling traditions inspired the Moroccan designer behind Vogue Arabia’s latest cover.

By Morgan Hekking - Jan 13, 2020 Rabat

Moroccan designer Karim Adduchi and model Tilila Oulhaj teamed up to take on the January 2020 cover of Vogue Arabia, paying tribute to the vibrant traditions and culture of Morocco’s Imazighen (Berber people).

Hajar Mrabet from Tafraoute Wins Miss Amazigh 2019

In addition to natural beauty and mastering the Amazigh language, participants must have a strong personality and show intelligence.

By Hamza Guessous - Dec 30, 2019 Rabat

Hajar Mrabet, an Amazigh Woman living in Morocco’s southern town Tafraoute in the province of Tiznit, has won the Miss Amazigh 2019 crown. The coronation took place on Sunday in a  ceremony held in Agadir, gathering 800 people. To win the pageant, a participant must be a natural l beauty as well as showing a high level of intelligence and the ability to speak the Amazigh (Berber) language.

Tangier, Chefchaouen Backdrop Louis Vuitton’s Dreamy 2020 Collection

The campaign features pastels, flowers, and symbols of childhood memories.

By Morgan Hekking - Jan 13, 2020 Rabat

Virgil Abloh, the artistic director of Louis Vuitton’s men’s wear collection, brought his latest ad campaign to the picturesque Moroccan cities of Tangier and Chefchaouen

In Photos: Fez Artist Gathering Taps Into Creative Economies

The fifth Fez Gathering aimed to inspire dialogue on how the creative arts impact today’s economy and people’s everyday lives. 

By Morgan Hekking - Jan 12, 2020 Fez

The fifth annual International Artist Gathering of Fez, held from January 9 to 12, invited the public to participate in craft-making workshops, observe artistic exhibitions, and enjoy food, mint tea, and music with artists.  With a focus on creative economies, the event aimed to inspire dialogue on how the creative arts impact today’s economy and people’s everyday lives, and how the creative economy can contribute to human development
The free event, held at a historic riad in the city’s ancient medina owned by the Arabic Language Institute in Fez (ALIF), kicked off on Thursday, January 9 with an exhibition of works by local, national, and international artists.

In Photos: Remembering Moroccan Jewry at the Fez Jewish Cemetery

The cemetery is home to the tomb of Solica, one of the most famous female saints among Jews as well as Muslims in Morocco.

By Morgan Hekking - Jan 4, 2020 Rabat

Before the founding of Israel in 1948, Morocco was home to the largest Jewish population in the Arabic-speaking world. More than 350,000 Moroccan Jews lived in nearly 100 communities throughout the North African kingdom until the Israel-Palestine conflict erupted in the Middle East. Today, mere hundreds remain.  But with a native Jewish population dating back to 70 AD and dozens of archaic religious sites, Morocco remains a pilgrimage site for Jews today. Jewish pilgrims notably frequent historical sites in Fez that preserve the legacy of Morocco’s Jewish community. 
One such site in Morocco’s spiritual capital is the white-washed Jewish cemetery, sprawling over the edge of the old city and overlooking rolling hills.

How to make Moroccan Bid and Matisha, Eggs and Tomatoes.

This simple, rapid recipe is perfect for anytime of day. You cannot go wrong with B&M and a hot cup of minty tea.

By Layla Dahamou - Jan 5, 2020

I do not think there is a Moroccan living who has never tasted Bid and Matisha, or egg skillet with tomatoes. It is a basic dish that works for any meal. From breakfast to a light supper before bed, B&M is the ideal, light and fast snack. B&M is also a great dish if you are on a budget, of either time or money. Eggs and tomatoes, the basic components, are cheap and readily available. They also both cook quickly. Though the basic ingredients are in the name, I like to add onion, hot pepper, or bell pepper to give the dish an extra kick.

Morocco World News Eats: Biryani with the Pakistani Ambassador

Morocco World News made a trip to Souissi in Rabat to share a hearty meal of biryani with Pakistan’s Ambassador to Morocco, Hamid Asghar Khan.

By Morgan Hekking - Jan 4, 2020 Rabat

When you think of a classic Moroccan meal, couscous instantly comes to mind. The protein-packed grain is undeniably the most famous dish in the Maghreb and you can get it pretty much anywhere. Perfect with sweet or savory stews, couscous is a Moroccan staple

Moroccan Women Are Displaying Their Bodies on YouTube to Get Ahead

Allowing everyone to access the internet and have agency is actually dangerous in a society overborne with ignorance and a blind, passive imitation of the West.

By Zineb Rabouj - Zineb Rabouj holds a BA in English Literature and is currently enrolled in the Moroccan cultural studies master's program at Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University in Fez. Dec 15, 2019 Fez

Since the beginning of history, the female body and its power over men has been a source of scientific, literary, and philosophical controversy. Today, Moroccan women put the female body on display through their YouTube channels in order to get ahead in life. People have always believed women have power over men through their bodies. But are some female bodies powerless over men? Are there some traits that make one body attractive and powerful and another undesirable? Of course, attractiveness is relative. The same woman can be found attractive by one person and unattractive by another.

Fez Gathering: Promoting Creativity as a Tool for Human Development.

The Fez Gathering aims to show how modern arts can flourish in an ancient city.

By Morgan Hekking - Jan 12, 2020 Fez

The fifth International Artist Gathering of Fez, held from January 9 to 12, invited local, national, and international artists to exchange ideas in a creative space.  The free event, held at a historic riad in the city’s ancient medina owned by the Arabic Language Institute in Fez (ALIF), invites the public to participate in workshops, listen in on a panel discussion, observe exhibitions, and enjoy food, mint tea, and Moroccan music.  The fifth installment of the Fez Gathering centered around the theme of creative economies and cultural goods.  Creative economies have two dimensions, according to Omar Chennafi, the event’s organizer.

Moroccan Intellectual Abdallah Laroui Extolls Importance of Literacy.

Rabat’s Mohammed V University has honored intellectual and philosopher Abdallah Laroui with a Chair at the university.

By Yahia Hatim - Jan 10, 2020 Rabat

As the Faculty of Art and Humanities of Mohammed V University in Rabat awarded Moroccan historian Abdallah Laroui with a professorial chair, the renowned intellectual accepted the honor by giving a lecture on the modern world on Wednesday, January 8. Speaking at the university, where he has taught for three and a half decades, Laroui discussed three main points in his lecture: the concept of the nation-state, the return of the oral culture, and the prevalence of virtual realities in today’s world. The professor said that his ideas are controversial, and have never been met with unanimous approval. He affirmed that the students who he taught know that he was always clear about separating his duty as a civil servant, that is, as a history professor, and his work as an intellectual and thinker, engaged in ideological criticism. Laroui confirmed that he never promoted personal ideologies in his classroom. “It might be said that I talked about the nation-state, nationalism, and historicity, but in the current society, what does the nation-state mean when we see it disintegrating and losing all sovereignty?” Laroui asked, questioning whether the issues he addressed as a professor and an intellectual are still relevant in today’s society. “Affiliation today is for ethnicity, sect, and tribe, not for the state. It seems as if the future is more likely to be for tribal authority or fragile federations,” Laroui continued. The intellectual underlined that the goal of the chair, newly inaugurated in his name, is not to spread ideologies but rather to study current issues, including the question of the nation-state that is no longer convincing.

Morocco to Open 34 New Higher Education Institutions in 2020

The new institutions will help implement advanced regionalization by facilitating access to higher education to students from regions across Morocco.

By Yahia Hatim -  Jan 8, 2020 Rabat

Morocco is set to open 34 new higher education institutions in 2020, announced the Minister of National Education, Vocational Training, Higher Education, and Scientific Research, Said Amzazi. Amzazi made the announcement during a parliamentary session on Monday, January 6. The minister said that the government launched 17 new higher education institutions in 2019 and the number of new institutions will double in 2020.

Marrakech Hosts International Congress for School Effectiveness

It is the first time that the conference has taken place in Africa and in the Arab world.

By Yahia Hatim - Jan 6, 2020 Rabat

Morocco’s Minister of National Education, Said Amzazi, is presiding over the inauguration of the 33rd International Congress for School Effectiveness and Improvement (ICSEI) in Marrakech, today, January 6. The international event, lasting until Friday, January 10, is taking place in Africa and in the Arab world for the first time. More than 1,000 speakers, including policymakers, researchers, civil society leaders, and practitioners from 80 countries will take part in the event. Participants are representing a range of national and international institutions from the field of education.

Morocco Prepares for Drought With New Water-Saving Policy.

The new water program has a budget of MAD 115.4 billion and aims to guarantee water security and combat the effects of climate change.

By Yahia Hatim - Jan 14, 2020 Rabat

The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) projected a continued warming trend in Morocco. Every decade since 1970, the average temperature in Morocco increased by 0.5 °C, exceeding the global average by about 0.15 degrees. Reports mention that temperatures in Morocco could keep increasing by up to 7 °C by 2100 unless serious preventive measures are taken. Over the next 20 years, IPPC estimates Morocco will become more vulnerable to drought and other extreme weather events.

Morocco unveils $12bn programme to reduce water stress

9 January 2020 | By GCR Staff 

Ranked as the 22nd most water-stressed country in the world, Morocco is planning to spend $12bn on water works over the next eight years, according to Agence Marocaine de Presse, the country’s state news agency. The programme, announced by King Mohammed VI on Tuesday, 7 January, will include the construction of dams, irrigation, improving the delivery of drinking water to rural areas, the treatment and reuse of wastewater, “awareness-raising” to reduce demand and the preservation of water resources. The expenditure will form part of the draft 2020-2050 National Water Plan, which was discussed by the Moroccan government in December. This envisages the spending of $40bn on “dams, the connection of water basins, the desalination of seawater, the integration of all rural centres into structured drinking water supply systems”.
The World Resources Institute (WRS) ranks Morocco 22nd among countries facing water stress, owing to a combination of scarcity, climate-change, socio-economic development, urbanisation, and population growth. Among the challenges it faces are dwindling reserves of groundwater and a dependence on rainfall, as only 15% of agricultural production benefits from irrigation. American aid agency USAID notes that many rural communities rely on a single water source, and that the “lack of a functioning sanitation network and wastewater treatment system causes scarce water resources to become contaminated and unsuitable for multipurpose use”.

Magnificent Megacities: Casablanca (Anthropology Documentary)

Spark Published on Dec 24, 2018

Casablanca is a city of love, drama, and passion. A city just like the Hollywood film, even though not a single scene was shot there. Today, two worlds clash, tradition, and globalization. The name Casablanca invokes images of Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, but the modern reality is completely different.

Amazigh Activists: Denying Validity of Yennayer is Cultural Exclusion.

Recognizing Yennayer as an official national holiday, the activists say, would pay tribute to the Amazigh history.

By Hamza Guessous Jan 14, 2020 Rabat

On the occasion of the Amazigh (Berber) new year, called Yennayer, Amazigh people from across Morocco gathered in front of Moroccan Parliament on Sunday, January 12, to celebrate New Year 2970 amid campaigns to make Yennayer a national holiday. The gathered Amazigh people celebrated with traditional dishes, music, and dancing. In addition to Moroccan chicken Rfissa, the seven-vegetable couscous remains a staple dish for the Yennayer. Imazighen (Berbers), including children, attended Sunday’s festivities wearing traditional Amazigh clothes and displaying Amazigh flags, reflecting their strong bonds with their origins and culture. Abdelwahed Driouch, an Amazigh activist and member of the House of Councillors told Morocco World News “he does not expect the government to recognize Yennayer as a national holiday.”

A crackdown on the press is demolishing what’s left of Morocco’s liberal reputation

By Samia Errazzouki  December 30, 2019 Samia Errazzouki is a former journalist and current PhD student at the University of California at Davis.

Morocco has long enjoyed a reputation as one of the most progressive countries in the Arabic-speaking world. When protests swept the Middle East and North Africa in 2011, many observers spoke of the “Moroccan exception” and the “Moroccan model,” citing a series of apparently liberalizing reforms made by the king. Yet over the past few years, many Moroccans have experienced a yawning gap between those promises of greater freedom and a reality of continuing oppression. One of them, the journalist Omar Radi, now finds himself facing a term of up to one year in prison — ostensibly because of a single tweet. That would be bad enough by itself. In fact, though, Radi’s case is emblematic of a much broader trend: the steady erosion of Morocco’s once-vibrant independent press. Dozens of other journalists and activists are already behind bars.

Morocco: The Music of the Jews of Morocco

Judith R. CohenTzipora H. Jochsberger, +8 authors Sammi Almugrabi

Ivanka Trumps hails Morocco’s commitment to changing female landownership laws

Months after she visited Morocco to support female landowners, Donald Trump’s daughter and senior advisor Ivanka Trump took to Twitter to congratulate the Kingdom. Trump wrote, Friday, on her Twitter account that «Morocco committed to changing laws to advance land rights for women and have now legally formalized these major reforms». Ivanka Trump was referring to the draft decree approved in December by the head of the government Saadeddine El Othmani regarding the laws governing land ownership of female movement «Soulaliyat».
...More :

Hollywood Superstar Ryan Gosling Owns Moroccan Restaurant in Beverly Hills

The menu showcases Moroccan dishes, from couscous to tajines.

Safaa Kasraoui   Safaa Kasraoui is a journalist at Morocco World News. Jan 8, 2020 Rabat

Filmstar Ryan Gosling and chef Abdessamad Ben Omar, known as Ben Benameur, co-own Tagine, a high-class restaurant in Beverly Hills, California, where A-list celebrities meet for a plate of Moroccan delicacies. Chef Benameur and Gosling agreed to open the restaurant in 2004. “It became one of  the best destinations in the city,” Benameur said. Benameur, who is also the executive chief of the restaurant, has posted a series of snaps on social media, showing celebrities tucking into Morocco’s finest dishes, including Hollywood superstar Richard Gere. Other stars who have tried the Beverly Hills number one spot for Moroccan food are Salma Hayek and Keanu Reeves. Benameur said that many of the celebrities have become regular diners.

Morocco Gets Closer to 2020 Renewable Energy Objective

MASEN has revealed that Morocco is on the right track to reach its 2020 and 2030 objectives in terms of renewable energy.

By  Yahia Hatim  - Jan 7, 2020 Rabat

Morocco’s renewable energy capacity reached 3,685 megawatts (MW) by the end of 2019, including 700 MW of solar energy, 1,215 MW of wind power, and 1,770 MW of hydroelectricity, revealed the Moroccan Agency for Renewable Energy (MASEN). While Morocco did not inaugurate any new power plants in 2019, the agency announced the launch of several solar energy and wind power projects in 2020, in order to reach the country’s goal of 6,000 MW capacity by 2020. According to MASEN, the 2020 objective will be attained with the launch of the new projects.

These postings are provided without permission of the copyright owner for purposes of criticism, comment, scholarship, and research under the "Fair Use" provisions of U.S. Government copyright laws and may not be distributed further without permission of the identified copyright owner.  The poster does not vouch for the accuracy of the content of the message, which is the sole responsibility of the copyright holder.

Return to Friends of Morocco Home Page

About Membership Volunteer Newsletters Souk Links