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Morocco Week in Review 
December 5 2020

Virtual Magazine of Morocco on the Web

The Couscous Chronicles: A Peace Corps Memoir- Richard Wallace

The review By Sandra Pereira, in Books · 20-11-2020

The core of ‘The Couscous Chronicles’ is about the authors Peace Corps experience in Morocco in 1977. Richard Wallace had just graduated from college. Armed with his film production degree. He decided he wanted to travel. He joined the Peace corps as a volunteer and joined the annual deployment of trainees to Rabat (Morocco’s capital city). He learned French, some Arabic and about the Islamic culture. His job was in the media team for the Ministry of Agriculture, producing training films and printed materials for farmers. Part of his job was to grasp the Moroccan way of life. Along the way we get to read about relationships he forms with his female roommate, co-workers and other visitors. These interactions prove to be amusing and educational. Wallace visited many small towns which allowed him to understand his new home better. The sights and flavours of Morocco jump off the page as we follow Wallace along his adventures………………..

Improving the quality of secondary education in 90 schools in Morocco: Listen to Adnan to learn more! | Millennium Challenge Account-Morocco Agency.

Adnane, an English teacher in one of the beneficiary establishments of the "Secondary Education"

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Report: Number of Americans studying in Morocco increased by nearly 24% before the Covid-19 pandemic

November 16, 2020 

During the 2018/19 academic year, the number of U.S. students coming to Morocco for study jumped by 24 percent, according to an annual report released today by the Institute of International Education, with support from the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. 
The annual report, called “Open Doors,” showed that the number of U.S. students in Morocco in the 2018/19 academic year saw an increase from 1,411 to 1,749.  Morocco was by far the most popular destination in North Africa for study among U.S. students, with Egypt in second place. The report also showed that, in the 2019/2020 academic year, the number of Moroccan students studying in the United States increased by 2.6 percent, from 1,461 to 1,499.   Among countries in North Africa, only Egypt sends more students to the United States (3,859 in 2019.) 

 “American students have long seen Morocco as an excellent destination for study because of the hospitality of the Moroccan people, the richness and diversity of Moroccan culture, and the strong ties of friendship between the United States and Morocco, built over 200 years,” U.S. Ambassador David Fischer said.  “At the same time, Moroccans see that the U.S. higher education system offers the best educational opportunities in a range of critical disciplines, from engineering to medicine to English language study.” …………..

Study Details Serious Impacts of Violence Against Women in Morocco

During the COVID-19-induced lockdown, violence against women in Morocco increased by 31.6% compared to the same period last year.

By Safaa Kasraoui -  Nov 26, 2020 Rabat

Despite global activism to combat violence against women, the issue remains persistent worldwide and in Morocco, requiring further efforts. November 25 was the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. Morocco was among the countries that marked the international day by launching a campaign to emphasize the importance of activism against such violence and gender discrimination.

On the occasion, the High Commission for Planning (HCP) published a study on the social cost of violence against women and girls in Morocco. The study shared with Morocco World News includes data from the 2019 national survey on violence against women and men, which the HCP carried out with the support of UN Women between February and July of last year. The study found that violence against women can have serious health consequences for victims and negative impacts on their physical, moral, and social well-being. HCP’s survey takes into account a population of girls and women aged 15 to 74 who reported experiences of physical and/or sexual violence in the past 12 months. One in four victims of physical violence and one in 10 victims of sexual violence suffered injuries and/or psychological issues………

Violence Against Women in Morocco Increased by 31% Since Lockdown

By Yahia Hatim -  Nov 25, 2020

The Moroccan Federation of Women’s Rights’ Leagues (FLDF) announced on Tuesday that violence against women in Morocco increased by 31.6% during the state of health emergency, which started in March, compared to the same period in 2019. Moroccan organizations have recorded a total of 4,663 acts of violence against women since March. The FLDF announced the figures during a meeting in Rabat ahead of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, November 25. According to the NGO, 47.9% of the recorded acts included psychological violence, 26.9% concerned economic violence, and 15.2% involved physical violence. Psychological violence takes several forms, including coercion, defamation, and verbal insults or harassment. Meanwhile, economic violence can take the form of restricting access to financial resources, education, or the labor market, in addition to not complying with economic responsibilities, such as alimonies………………

How do Moroccan Youth imagine the future of clean energy?

In the past few years, Morocco’s energy consumption has been steadily increasing. In the past few years, Morocco has also developed an ambitious energy strategy, which needs now more than ever to be reviewed in order to level up the potential of natural resources (wind, solar, etc.) as an opportunity for a green, inclusive and resilient recovery Post Covid-19.

23 novembre 2020  By Rachid Ennassiri

In the past few years, Morocco’s energy consumption has been steadily increasing. In the past few years, Morocco has also developed an ambitious energy strategy, which needs now more than ever to be reviewed in order to level up the potential of natural resources (wind, solar, etc.) as an opportunity for a green, inclusive and resilient recovery Post Covid-19. We, Moroccan young people have strong moral values in this field. We care about the future of energy and we want to make a difference and to create an added value.

However, there is one serious barrier to us getting involved: accessibility of reliable information and platforms for in-depth learning and engagement on renewable energy. In a pertinent geographical context like Morocco where the largest concentrated renewable power plants have been installed, the role of young people and civil society in advocating for renewable energy and ensuring access to clean energy is still very much needed. Despite the efforts made by the government in the past 10 years to promote the use of renewable energies and energy efficiency in various sectors, we can still witness a very modest contribution and involvement of civil society, especially within young people, which raise many questions…………

Moroccan Scientist Kamal Oudrhiri Wins Coveted Award for NASA Mission

Notable recipients of the award in past years include Eugene Shoemaker and Herbert Friedman, among other pioneering scientists.

By Morgan Hekking -  Morgan Hekking holds a BA in International Relations from Hobart & William Smith Colleges in Geneva, New York. Nov 19, 2020 Rabat

Moroccan scientist Kamal Oudrhiri led a successful mission for the United States Space Agency (NASA), earning his team a coveted prize in the field of space sciences. The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) awarded its prestigious 2020 Space Science Award to Oudrhiri’s “Cold Atom Lab” mission. The Cold Atom Lab is the first quantum physics laboratory in space. The multi-use facility has operated aboard the International Space Station since July 2018.  The lab achieved a breakthrough in the field of quantum physics in May. A prestigious scientific team, including three Nobel Prize winners, participated in the successful mission……………….

Long Before the Pandemic, Morocco established a Development Model Based on Renewable Energies and a Sustainable Vision.

Renewable energy can play a key role in both south-south cooperation and Africa’s sustainable recovery, explains Mustapha Bakkoury

Nov. 9th, 2020

Long before the COVID-19 pandemic, Morocco had established a development model based on renewable energies and a sustainable vision, said President of the Moroccan Agency for Sustainable Energy (MASEN), Mustapha Bakkoury. "In 2009, with impetus from His Majesty King Mohammed VI, the country embarked on an energy transition, aimed at developing renewable energies, supporting energy efficiency and achieving a minimum 52 percent renewables energy mix by 2030," Bakkoury pointed out in an op-ed published by The Parliament Magazine.  Morocco is determined to adapt its development model to incorporate stronger social aspects and build a more inclusive, fairer economy; one that is more durable and resilient, he pointed out. In His Majesty King Mohammed VI’s words, "Within the framework of unrestricted cooperation, we can, together, build the future," he said, adding that Morocco is confident that South-South cooperation can play a major role in countering the negative impact of the crisis in developing countries………………….
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Morocco Team Wins Two Huawei 2020 ICT Competition Prizes

The team won the regional finals in October.

By Issam Toutate -  Nov 19, 2020 Meknes

Team Morocco won prizes last week in the finals of the Huawei 2019-2020 ICT Competition. This is the first time that Morocco has participated in the competition. One group of teammates won First Prize in the “Cloud” category, while the other claimed Second Prize in the “Network” track.
The global event first launched in 2015. It attracts talents from across the world and aims to support emerging initiatives in the ICT industry and the education sector. Huawei announced Morocco’s participants as North Africa regional finals winners on October 23, before they advanced to the final stage of the global competition They then stood out in the 5th Huawei ICT Competition finals, organized online from November 6-14, claiming the prestigious awards……………….
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Morocco to Improve Health Sector, Expand Healthcare Access in 2021

The health minister, speaking about health care coverage, emphasized that 60% of the Moroccan population benefited from basic health coverage as of 2019.

By Safaa Kasraoui -  Nov 29, 2020 Rabat

Minister of Health Khalid Ait Taleb vowed that Morocco will improve its health sector in 2021, reconstructing a set of health facilities to expand access to healthcare. Ait Taleb said on Saturday in Rabat that his department is planning new hospital projects for 2021 that will have an additional bed capacity of 2,260 beds. The program to improve health facilities will cover the Ibn Sina Hospital and University Center (CHU) in Rabat and include the construction of eight provincial hospitals…………….
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Morocco Joins Governing Board of UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning

By Yahia Hatim -  Dec 1, 2020

Morocco has joined the Governing Board of the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL), the Moroccan Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced on Monday.
Morocco’s Ambassador to Germany, Zohour Alaoui, will represent the country in the international institute for a term of four years. According to UIL’s website, UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay has personally appointed Morocco’s ambassador to Berlin to the institute’s governing board. Based in Hamburg, Germany, UIL works to promote and support lifelong learning, “with a focus on adult learning, continuing education, literacy, and non-formal basic education.”………………
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Belgian-Moroccan Ines Lamallem Wins Laure Nobels Prize for ‘Santana’

Ines’ mother introduced her to reading at a young age and always supported her daughter’s goal of writing a book.

By Issam Toutate -  Nov 19, 2020 Meknes

Belgian-Moroccan writer Ines Lamallem received on Thursday the Brabant Wallon Young Audience Prize from the Laure Nobels Foundation for her first novel, “Santana.” “I am extremely happy for this award because it is a realization of a childhood dream,” Ines said, adding that she did not expect her dream was “going to happen to [her] very soon.” Ines Lamallem’s love for literature and writing prompted her to become a writer. In the future, she aims to become a French language teacher. The 17-year-old said that writing the novel helped her overcome stress and easily engage in interviews……………
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U.S. Assistant Secretary for Educational & Cultural Affairs Visits Morocco with the Aim of Strengthening Cultural Preservation.

Wednesday 25 November 2020

U.S. Assistant Secretary for Educational & Cultural Affairs Marie Royce led a delegation to Morocco from November 20 to 23 to discuss a potential deal that would limit the import of certain archaeological and ethnographic objects from Morocco to the United States, a statement from the American embassy in Rabat said on Tuesday."The United States has a deep respect for Morocco's cultural heritage. We hope to make conclusive progress towards signing an agreement that would allow our cultural institutions and authorities to work together for the protection of Moroccan cultural heritage from looting and trafficking, and which would promote a wider cultural exchange between our countries," Ms. Royce pointed out in this regard………………..
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UK, World Bank Sign Agreement to Help Morocco Improve Education

The regional director of the World Bank is confident that Morocco is on the right track to reducing “learning poverty” in the country.

By Morgan Hekking -  Morgan Hekking holds a BA in International Relations from Hobart & William Smith Colleges in Geneva, New York. Dec 2, 2020 Rabat

Representatives of the UK and the World Bank signed an agreement in Rabat on Wednesday to help Morocco improve its education system.  The British Ambassador to Morocco, Simon Martin, and the Director of the World Bank in the Maghreb, Jesko Hentschel, signed the agreement on education, teaching, training, and scientific research. It includes a loan of MAD 2.6 million (£217,000). With the agreement, the UK and the World Bank commit to providing technical assistance to Morocco as it works to improve the national education system. The parties aim to address the disparity in education that emerged during the COVID-19 crisis.  The agreement also comes to promote the recruitment of qualified teachers on the basis of demonstrated academic, emotional, personal, and behavioral skills………………….

Now You Can Shop at a Moroccan Medina in Real Time From Your Home

This holiday season, shop directly from local shops in Marrakesh’s medina on virtual video shopping trips with Intrepid Travel and Local Purse.

By Rachel Chang  December 02, 2020

While the plight of airline carriers’ and cruise companies’ economic losses during the pandemic have made headlines, local businesses — especially those that depend on travelers passing through their shops — have felt the challenges even greater and with less of a platform to reach their consumers.  But a new collaboration between global small-group travel operator Intrepid Travel and Swedish live video shopping startup Local Purse hopes to bridge the gap by bringing virtual real-time souvenir shopping to travelers from the comfort and safety of their homes. In two pilot events, the companies will offer a Marrakesh Spice and Wellness Experience on Tuesday, Dec. 8, 2020, at 7 a.m. ET and Traditionally Moroccan Berber Rug Experience on Wednesday, Dec. 9 at 7 a.m. During the tours, virtual travelers can make purchases directly benefiting the local communities. …………………

A New Nursery Is Coming To Life

Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, F2F Program

December 04, 2020 By Ibtissam Niri

COVID-19 impeded the Farmer-to-Farmer Program (F2F) due to travel restrictions preventing U.S. volunteers from traveling overseas. As a solution, USAID encouraged its implementing partners to create paired assignments, linking volunteer experts from the United States with those in host-countries – and in HAF’s case, in Morocco. Together, paired volunteers analyze and solve the challenges faced by cooperatives and educational centers. HAF seized this opportunity, and uses its network of local experts to connect with U.S. experts.

The first assignment in the Oujda region, while under unexpected circumstances, proved to be a success. Laura is a U.S.-based farmer who has previously served with Morocco’s F2F Program in early 2020 with two Host Organizations (HOs) in the Oujda region. She was paired with Hicham, who grew up seeing his father manage one of the first nurseries in Morocco. He then studied to become an agricultural technician and now manages his own nurseries………………..


Farmer-To-Farmer Local And U.S. Volunteers Collaborate In Morocco

December 03, 2020 By Moulay Hassan Country Director, F2F Program

During the shut-down and uncertainties resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, USAID encouraged Farmer-To-Farmer (F2F) implementers worldwide to support local Volunteers, paired with remote U.S. Volunteers, as they collaborate with agricultural cooperatives and education centers in achieving their goals. The High Atlas Foundation (HAF)-F2F team and USAID launched the first local-U.S. Volunteer assignment in Morocco, with Rachida Outouchki, President of Aboughlo Women’s Cooperative, working integrally with former Peace Corps and F2F Volunteer Mark Apel. Together they evaluated a new agricultural project managed by a group of six young women in the Tassa Ouirgane village in the Marrakech-Safi region. The women grow fruit trees and sell them to farming families……………….

Public Participation In Environmental Protection In Jordan And Morocco

December 01, 2020 By Imane Akhezzane

Within the framework of a Small Grants’ project that the High Atlas Foundation administers in collaboration with the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs (OES), the U.S Department of State  (DOS),  to promote public participation in environmental decision-making, resulting in increased environmental protection and enforcement of  environmental laws, 4 sub-grantees from Morocco and Jordan were selected through a call for applications from different associationsThe goal of this project is to increase civil society engagement in environmental protection and promote public participation in environmental decision-making, resulting in increased environmental protection and enforcement of environmental laws.The program promotes public awareness of Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Environment Chapters and national environmental laws. The United States-Jordan FTA and the United States-Morocco both stand as commitments by all three countries to promote environmental protection. The small grants program and the Environment Chapter both emphasize public participation—affording people the opportunity to learn about as well as contribute to environmental protection initiatives and policies. The Small Grants Program supports these efforts by engaging civil society to improve environmental protection and strengthen environmental laws………………

Morocco’s Public Primary Schools to Teach Jewish History.

By promoting pluralism and tolerance, the curriculum further consolidates Morocco’s world-renowned approach against religious extremism.
Morocco’s Public Primary Schools to Teach Jewish History

By Morgan Hekking-  Morgan Hekking holds a BA in International Relations from Hobart & William Smith Colleges in Geneva, New York. Nov 19, 2020 Rabat

King Mohammed VI has approved a decision to teach Jewish history and culture in the Arabic-language curriculum for public primary schools in Morocco.  A joint statement from the American Sephardi Federation and the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations (CoP) commended the decision on November 12. Malcolm Hoenlein, the vice chair of the CoP, and Jason Guberman, the executive director of the American Sephardi Federation, said the move is “the latest assertive action by King Mohammed VI to perpetuate the Judeo-Moroccan legacy as an integral part of the Moroccan identity.” 
The two leaders have worked closely with Morocco and its Jewish community, according to the statement………..
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Hassan Hajjaj: Somewhere Between Modernity and Tradition

What characterizes Hajjaj's photographs is the hybridization of his belonging to both London and Marrakech.

By Atmane El Amri -  Atmane El Amri is a student researcher and PhD candidate at the laboratory of Interactions in Literature, Culture and Society at Sultan Moulay Slimane University. Nov 21, 2020

Hassan Hajjaj, as both a transcultural identity living an immigrant life and a mediator who represents this kind of life to his viewers, is a good example to consider in the light of multiculturalism and cultural hybridity, because he excels at representing the amalgamation of two different worlds, cultures, languages, religions and values.  His photographs have played a major role in exploring cultural hybridity, and they render the hybrid mixture of modernity and tradition with reference to the Moroccan culture on one hand and the English style on the other. This amalgamation has influenced him as an immigrant and a bohemian artist who experiments not only with photography, but also with filmmaking, design, and installation………..
Immigrant influences
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Museum in France Reveals ‘Jews of Morocco’ With Historic Images


Museum of the Art and H Theory of JudaismMajhJ) in Paris is offering art enthusiasts the opportunity to explore its “JuDus du Maroc, ” or “Jews of Morocco” ex Theition, which celebrates the culture of the Jewish community in the North Africa Runningry. Running since June, the ex Theition includes black-and-white photographs demonstrating the depth of Jewish culture and customs throu Theattire. The collection features the work of late French photographer and painter Jean Besancenot, who did not miss the opportunity to take notes and photographs during his visits to Morocco during the French protectorate. “During a trip to Morocco in 1934 he took photographs of traditionMajress. With a grant from the Foreign Min Thery, he stayed there again in 1935 and 1936, photographing men and women in dDuferent communimullahnd carefully documenting their ceremoniMajress, ” mahJ wrote. The photos, now treasured pieces of art, show women and men from rural Jewish communities posing with u Reade clothes…………………
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Morocco’s Multiculturalism For Sustainable Development

Wednesday, 25 November 2020, Opinion: Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir

One ought not to doubt the Kingdom of Morocco’s abiding sincerity in its commitment to the principles of multiculturalism and to the diverse identities that constitute the whole of this Islamic nation. This embracing on the part of the government and the general public is a real, constant, and codified one, even synonymous with what it means today to be Moroccan. However, the lived pluralistic experiences of the people must take new forms with every generation, and its translation into advancing development is now the nation’s foresighted call.

In the past decade, Morocco’s constitution backed by the people’s referendum has made the composition of diverse identities immutable. The public and civil actions to preserve the cultural past for the whole of the country have seen commendable acceleration, with a common desire being the norm to participate in restoration and knowledge-sharing activities when opportunities arise. However, while discussing and teaching about the multi-faceted national identity is important, the outcome of intercultural dialogue and partnership must surpass this. If we are to be honest, and we must be, considering the harsh conditions (and worsening due to the pandemic) of poverty that impact most people and especially those in rural places, then we must admit that Moroccan multiculturalism is not reaching Morocco’s own standard of translation into sustainable development for all the people.

The magnificence of Moroccan policy is that it does not find its fulfilment by preserving, celebrating, and advancing religious and ethnic identities alone. Policies find their ultimate expression only when they are implemented in partnership with and in meeting the human development needs of local communities. And in this regard, the nation is falling too short. This is not because of lack of interest or potential, but more simply because the capacities of how interfaith dialogue can lead to, for example, improved public health, are not well built or understood. Let me provide a commendable rural example of how “intercultural dialogue becomes a bridge for human development” as King Mohammed VI encouraged the nation in 2008 and has repeatedly since.

Case in point: Farming communities of Morocco’s countryside combine to require some billions of fruit trees and medicinal plants as they transition away from the traditional practice of growing barley and corn. In order for communities to generate the trees they need, they require the gift of land to grow seeds in local nurseries because they cannot forego their own land and not harvest food every year to survive. The Moroccan Jewish community, next to their 600 cemeteries throughout the nation, has empty lands they are willing to lend without cost to local agricultural associations and cooperatives to help them meet their tree and plant needs…………….

Ferromirum Oukherbouchi: Ancient Moroccan Shark Leads to New Discovery.

By Yahia Hatim -  Nov 21, 2020

Ferromirum Oukherbouchi, an ancient shark that lived in modern-day Morocco 370 million years ago, has contributed to a new scientific discovery.
Researchers from the Universities of Zurich and Chicago published a paper on November 17 that analyses fossils of the prehistoric shark to better understand how the species’ jaws function. Ferromirum Oukherbouchi is a species from the Late Devonian period, between 360 and 375 million years ago. Paleontologists found its fossils in Morocco’s Anti-Atlas Mountains. The name of the species honors the finder of the specimen, Moroccan archaeologist Said Oukherbouch. He discovered the ancient shark’s fossils in 2016 in Tafraoute, 166 kilometers south of Agadir. The authors of the recently-published paper used computed tomography (CT) scanning and three-dimensional (3D) printing to recreate a model of Ferromirum Oukherbouchi. The findings enabled the researchers to discover how the jaws of early sharks that lived 300 to 400 million years ago functioned…….
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Travel to Morocco: Major Moroccan Cities and How to Get Around

Learning how to get around Morocco and mapping out the major cities to visit before your trip will ensure you an unforgettable, one-of-a-kind experience.

By Jihad Dardar -  Nov 28, 2020

If you are hoping to travel to Morocco but concerned about how to get around, rest assured that the country welcomes millions of tourists each year who visit major Moroccan cities, mountains, and monuments with ease.  Even if you are hoping to travel off the beaten path in Morocco, away from tourist hotspots, there are plenty of navigation options that will suit your needs. 

Here is an overview of key facts about Morocco’s location and geography, selling points of major Moroccan cities, and tips on how to get around during your travels. 
Morocco’s location and geography
Observing the Moroccan map, you will see that Morocco is located in North Africa. The kingdom borders the Atlantic Ocean as well as the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco shares international borders with Algeria to the east, Mauritania to the south, and Spain to the north, with the Spanish enclaves Ceuta and Melilla on the northwest coast.
Morocco is a particularly exciting country because every region on the map offers so many different natural and cultural attractions. The country has two distinct mountain ranges, the Rif Mountains and the High Atlas Mountains……….
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Moroccan Food: Five Healthy Late-Night Moroccan Meals.

Light Moroccan foods can be great to have a few hours before sleeping for a tasty meal and a healthy body.

By Jihad Dardar - Nov 21, 2020

Eating before bed can be unhealthy and cause weight gain and other health problems and complications. Luckily, Moroccan cuisine offers a range of healthy food that you can have before sleep as a late-night meal. With its rich flavors and health benefits, Moroccan food often finds its way into the diets of non-Moroccans. Many people hesitate to change their diet and lifestyle to a healthier one in fear of always eating bland and flavorless food without enjoying their meals. However, that is completely the opposite case when it comes to Moroccan food.

Morocco generally follows a Mediterranean diet, the most recommended diet in the world because it is mainly based on plants, a moderate amount of dairy, and meat served occasionally. Morocco adds its own flavor to the healthy diet with fragrant spices and by merging Spanish culinary influences, giving Moroccan food unique and vibrant flavors. Moroccans also tend to prefer baking, boiling, and slow-cooking over deep frying, which keeps meals more healthy. When roasting or frying, Moroccans often use olive oil instead of vegetable oil for its many health benefits.
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Colonialism and Conflict: Facts About the Map of Morocco

Colonialism changed the country’s map, but the Sahara has long been -- and will continue to be -- an important part of Morocco’s history, culture, geography, and identity.

By Jihad Dardar -  Nov 26, 2020

In many maps of the world, especially those created in Western countries, Morocco appears divided into two sections, with a dotted line separating its southern provinces from the north. This false conception of Morocco’s modern borders stems from a lengthy history of colonialism and conflict.  Throughout French colonization of Algeria and then Morocco, the Moroccan territory shrunk as the Algerian territory expanded. Until 1830, what is now Algeria was a Turkish-controlled territory. When the French took control of its new possession, it later unified it and called it French Algeria. As France considered its Algerian possession part of its French territory as opposed to a colony, it sought to expand Algeria at the expense of Morocco. 

According to history books, by the time France took control of what is now Algeria, its area did not exceed 300,000 square kilometers. By 1920, French Algeria covered 575,000 square kilometers. When Algeria obtained its independence, it inherited a territory of 2,400,000 square kilometers. After the French-Morocco treaty of Lalla Marnia was signed in 1845, France started its journey towards amputating Morocco’s territory and taking unilateral decisions to map borders between Morocco and French Algeria. …………..
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English Proficiency Index: Morocco Scores ‘Low,’ Ranks 74th Globally

By Yahia Hatim -  Nov 21, 2020

Morocco has ranked 74th out of 100 countries in the 2020 English Proficiency Index (EPI) published by international organization Education First (EF). According to the ranking, Morocco has a “low” English proficiency, with a score of 453 out of 800. The index shows that girls and women in Morocco are more proficient in English than boys and men. Of Moroccan females that can speak English, 58.25% are proficient. Meanwhile, the proficiency rate among Moroccan males is 55.63%. Throughout the years, Morocco’s ranking in the English Proficiency Index fluctuated between “low” and “very low.” Last year, Morocco ranked 76th out of 100, in the “very low” proficiency category.
Read also: Morocco Maintains ‘Very Low’ Score in English Proficiency Index
Casablanca is the only Moroccan city featured in the ranking’s “cities” category. But Morocco’s largest city appeared among cities with “low” English proficiency, with a score of 479 out of 800……………………
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