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Morocco Week in Review 
July 24 2021

Virtual Magazine of Morocco on the Web

Eid al-Adha: A Foreigner’s First Time Celebrating in Morocco

Eid al-Adha is one of Islam’s most important holidays and is celebrated yearly on the 10th day of the lunar month of Dhu'l Hijjah.

Michael Sauers, July 17th, 2021 Rabat

As Morocco plans to celebrate Eid al-Adha on Wednesday, July 21, both Moroccans and residents alike have begun to prepare for the annual slaughter of livestock and time with loved ones. The holiday is one of the most important celebrations in Islam and is celebrated on the 10th day of the lunar month of Dhu'l Hijjah, which is the "month of the pilgrimage" to Mecca. Muslims around the world celebrate the “holiday of sacrifice” by attending a communal morning prayer and feasting with family. As the holiday’s name implies, worshippers must sacrifice a sheep, lamb, goat, or cow as the holiday commemorates Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son Ismail. 

In Morocco, the tradition of slaughter is still extremely common. While other Muslim countries have banned the informal slaughter of animals at personal residences, Moroccans continue to take part in the tradition yearly.  To my surprise, I learned that the world comes to a standstill in the days leading up to Eid. Restaurants, cafes, and even hanoots (small convenience stores), close a few days prior to the holiday as many Moroccans travel to their hometown to spend the holiday with family.  The atmosphere feels very cheerful and festive, reminiscent of Christmas Eve in America. ……
More here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343467/eid-al-adha-a-foreigners-first-time-celebrating-in-morocco
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US State Department Pledges $190,000 to Volubilis Mosaic Restoration

The US has pledged over $1 million to cultural restoration projects in Morocco in the past 20 years.

Michael Sauers, July 17th, 2021 Rabat

The US State Department announced on Friday that it would donate $190,000 (MAD 1.7 million) to the Moroccan NGO Ifker Association to aid in restoring the mosaics of Volubilis in the Fes-Meknes region.  Volubilis, a UNESCO heritage site since 1997, has been home to Romans, Phoenicians, and other historical communities since the 11th century.  The Ifker Association, sponsored by the US’ Ambassadors Fund for Cultural Preservation, intends to restore the mosaics of Volubilis in order to display them for the public. The site features ancient ruins and a museum exhibit where many of the mosaics are housed.  “Volubilis is the crown jewel of Moroccan heritage sites, and we are proud to partner with the Ifker Association, the Getty Conservation Institute and the Ministry of Culture to help restore these historic mosaics and support jobs training, and educational and outreach programs for the local community,” said Lawrence Randolph, head of mission at the US Consulate General in Casablanca. ………………….
Follow it here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343470/us-state-department-pledges-190-000-to-volubilis-mosaic-restoration
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American-Moroccan Team Invents New Seed Coating To Combat Drought

The technological breakthrough could help improve crops in semi-arid regions, and reduce the use of water in the agricultural sector.

Oussama Aamari, July 16th, 2021 Rabat

An American research team, in collaboration with Moroccan researchers, has developed a seed coating technology that could help plants survive better in semi-arid regions and reduce the amount of water necessary for agriculture. The findings were published in a study in the July issue of Nature Food journal, which was led by Benedetto Marelli from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and saw participation from several scientists from Mohammed VI Polytechnic University in Ben Guerir. While the technology’s implementation could lead to an increase in the cost of seeds, the reduction in the need for water could make it an affordable solution for farmers in dry, arid regions. Water is considered the most important factor in the growth and sustainability of crops in semi-arid regions, which constitute 15% of the earth’s land surface. The discovery could help farmers avoid the devastating effects of droughts during critical stages of plants’ growth……
Check it here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343457/american-moroccan-team-invents-new-seed-coating-to-combat-drought
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HAF Translates Academia into Women’s Empowerment Policy

By Samirah Jaigirdar HAF Intern – Student at Connecticut College July 14, 2021

As a person grows, they take on a societal identity which will dictate what they wear, how they act and speak, and how they feel about themselves in the context of their society. As gender is learned, it can be assumed that the cultural constructs of each society propel certain understandings of gender roles. The United States and other Western countries provide a distinct cultural framework for feminism which seeks gender equality and envisions a world where women are seen just as capable as men. However, their specific theoretical framework usually cannot be directly implemented in non-Western countries. While the pursuit for female empowerment is present worldwide, the female identity differs considerably in each culture. Hence, it is not possible to depend solely on western academia regarding feminism and female empowerment to make sustainable policies that will work in Morocco. Inspired by the Empowerment Institute’s mission, HAF has created a unique framework for the empowerment of women and girls in Morocco, which seeks to present them with all available opportunities which they can choose to their liking. This was based on the Empowerment Institution’s “Imagine” self-discovery workshops. In this project, HAF aims to train university students and rural women to be social change agents…………….
Read more here: https://highatlasfoundation.org/haf-translates-academia-into-womens-empowerment-policy/
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A Moroccan Woman’s Burden: Water Scarcity

By Jasiah Hasan July 13, 2021

In the past fifty years, Morocco’s population has nearly tripled. Mass migrations and urbanization have pushed more than half of the growing population into cities, producing huge shanty towns. Residents lack access to clean water and sanitation services. Such barriers can lead to higher risk of waterborne diseases, such as malaria and typhoid. Although cities are undoubtedly struggling with an unprecedented influx of migrants, the worst inequities exist in the gap between rural and urban populations. Lack of infrastructure and inexcusably high rates of poverty have left rural Morocco feeling distrustful towards the civic sector and struggling to maintain social order.Agriculture makes up 19 percent  of Morocco’s GDP but only 15 percent of agricultural land is properly irrigated. Severe lack of sanitation services and wastewater treatment often means that the little water that can be used for irrigation is contaminated, further inhibiting rural farmers. Due to climate change, rainfall is predicted to decrease by approximately 50 percent by 2050, threatening Morocco with droughts and less access to water for an already struggling population……
Follow the link here: https://highatlasfoundation.org/a-moroccan-womans-burden-water-scarcity/=====================================================

“Samsung Innovation Campus” Starts Its Second Phase in Morocco

The project aims to improve the state of digital teaching in Morocco through training teachers and students.

Oussama Aamari, July 12th, 2021 Rabat

Samsung Morocco announced plans to launch the second phase of its “Samsung Innovation Campus” project in Morocco, as part of its “Enabling People” initiative. The second phase will target nine Moroccan regions this year, including the southern Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab region, marking an expansion from last year’s program, which covered three regions. The program will see the establishment of training centers in each of the nine regions. The centers will be equipped with computers, televisions, and other tools for digital learning. Samsung hopes to train 180 teachers, and more than 20 thousand students across the country to be able to program in Ruffle, APS, Python, and C, allowing for better results in digital or hybrid learning……………..
Check it here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343365/ldquo-samsung-innovation-campus-rdquo-starts-its-second-phase-in-morocco
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Eid Al-Adha Dishes Across The Muslim World

As Muslims around the world prepare to celebrate Eid Al-Adha this week, Morocco World News highlights customary dishes from various Muslim countries.

Khouloud Haskouri, July 19th, 2021 Rabat

Eid Al Adha is Islam’s most sacred holiday, and will be celebrated this Wednesday in Morocco. As is customary, Muslims households are to slaughter a sheep, goat, or cow for the occasion. This often leads to an excessive amount of available meat, despite having to donate a third to those in need. MWN would like to remind its readers of the ample dish options you can try this holiday. We selected the most popular Eid dishes around the Muslim world. To make boulfaf, seared and seasoned beef liver or sheep liver (kebda) is cut into cubes and wrapped with thin, lacy strips of caul fat which, once cooked, adds a delicious crispy texture and flavor.  The liver is the first thing cooked. It is cut into cubes, seasoned, wrapped in the caul fat of the sheep stomach and then grilled over charcoal. The heart is cooked the same way.  It’s this wrapping of the caul fat around the liver that led to the name of the dish, and it’s what distinguishes boulfaf from everyday grilled liver…………..
Read more here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343489/eid-al-adha-dishes-across-the-muslim-world
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Morocco is a goldmine of knowledge, culture, and history

Talk about a discovery that was made in Morocco, and then talk about how people are going there for vacation because of it

Date 7/12/2021 (MENAFN - GetNews) Rockwall, Texas

Discovery after discovery has been made over the last decade placing Morocco as one of the world’s hottest spots for archaeological finds. The kingdom has stunned the world yet again by being the location of another remarkable discovery – one that has changed the very foundation of what researchers believed they knew about the origins of humankind. The now-oldest known remains of human life have been found in Jebel Irhoud, Morocco. They’re far older than the fossilized remains previously thought to be the oldest, which were found in East Africa. In fact, the new discovery predates those remains by 100,000 years. These ancient human ancestors apparently used a variety of simple stone ……
Follow the link here: https://www.abnewswire.com/pressreleases/morocco-is-a-goldmine-of-knowledge-culture-and-history_552241.html=====================================================

Former PM Youssoufi, 1st Senior Official to Donate Inheritance to FNM

The donation includes two apartments in Morocco and France, two cars, as well as documents, furniture, and other personal belongings.

Toms Dumpis, July 16th, 2021 Rabat

Following his widow's signing of confirmation, late Morocco’s former Prime Minister Abderrahmane Youssoufi will be the first senior official to have bequeathed his whole inheritance to the National Foundation of Museums and Archives of Morocco…
Read more here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343453/former-pm-abderrahmane-youssoufi-s-widow-set-to-confirm-donation-soon
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OCP Promotes Sustainable Growth For Africa’s Agricultural Future

Innovation, knowledge exchange, and practical solutions underline OCP’s approach.

Jasper Haman, July 19th, 2021 Rabat -

No place on Earth has the potential for growth like Africa. It has a young population, large reserves of natural resources, and more room for development than most places on the planet.  Yet, Africa also faces one of the largest potential threats on Earth. Climate change is set to impact the global south and Africa disproportionately, with the poorest and most rural populations facing the most intense threat.  For many companies, climate change is still considered a theoretical threat. It is addressed in annual reports and shiny projects, yet few treat the issue as an existential threat to themselves and their customers. It appears that Morocco’s OCP Group is taking an altogether different approach that is both more holistic and more comprehensive. …………………………..
The rest is here https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343486/ocp-promotes-sustainable-growth-for-africas-agricultural-future
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ISESCO Receives Keys to the Kasbah des Oudayas in Ceremony

The Organization of the Islamic World for Education, Sciences and Culture received the keys Wednesday as the organization nominates Rabat as an Islamic Cultural Capital.

Shaquile Goff, July 16th, 2021 Denver

The director general of the Organization of the Islamic World for Education, Sciences and Culture (ISESCO),  Salem Ben Mohamed El Malek, was present to receive the keys to the Kasbah des Oudayas in a monumental ceremony honoring Morocco’s contribution to Islamic culture and history. 
In an interview with local media, El Malek praised King Mohammed VI in the ceremony, thanking him for continued efforts to protect the cultural monuments within Morocco. The director general also highlighted the cultural importance of the Kasbah des Oudayas. The Kasbah, which was built over the course of several hundred years, is one of the most iconic neighborhoods in Rabat, and a world famous landmark. In addition to being recognized by ISESCO, the neighborhood was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2012, and ISESCO placed the area on the Islamic World Heritage List in 2019. 
The Kasbah des Oudayas has also been featured as a setting for several blockbuster films. Most recently, the neighborhood was used as a film location for the Mission Impossible films in 2014. The area was included as part of an intense motorcycle scene, with American actor Tom Cruise making an appearance in the historic neighborhood………….
Check it here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343458/isesco-receives-keys-to-the-kasbah-des-oudayas-in-ceremony
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Heatwave: Fires Burned Over 1,200 Hectares of Moroccan Forest

Over 700 people and 96 ground intervention vehicles were mobilized for the firefighting mission.

Toms Dumpis, July 16th, 2021 Rabat

The record-breaking heatwave that swept across Morocco between July 9 and 11 sparked an outbreak of 20 coinciding fires burning over 1,200 hectares of forest. As the unprecedented heatwave spread across Morocco, with temperatures ranging between 46 and 50°C, concurrent strong winds helped facilitate the outbreak and spread of 20 forest fires in10 of Morocco’s provinces, reported Morocco’s Department of Water and Forests. Provinces of Larache, Al Hoceima, Sefrou, Taounate, Beni Mellal, Marrakech, Tangier, Khemisset, Ifrane, and Chefchaouen were all affected by the fires, leaving over 1,200 hectares of forests burned.  Sefrou suffered the most damage in Morocco, as two concurrent fires broke out in the rural communities of Igezrane and Laanaceur burning an estimated 350 and 470 hectares respectively. The Laanaceur continued to spread to the neighboring Ifrane province, according to the department. The forests that perished were mostly composed of maritime pine, cedar, holm oak, and Aleppo pine…
Follow the link here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343449/heatwave-fires-burned-over-1-200-hectares-of-moroccan-forest
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Morocco’s New Council for Scientific Research, a Step in the Right Direction

In addition to deciding government policies regarding education and research, this council must limit the influence of transnational companies and reverse brain drain.

Toms Dumpis, July 16th, 2021

The government adopted the new initiative in accordance with article 16 of framework law No. 51.17 during its Council of Government meeting held on June 24, 2021, in the presence of local and international researchers. Dr. Abdellah Benahnia, an international researcher at SIST British Education Morocco explained to University World News that the decision is a “wise step” in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. The council will be led by Morocco’s Head of Government Saad Eddine El Othmani. He is tasked with providing oversight for Morocco's higher education and scientific research.. The council will be responsible for developing potential governmental policies in terms of science, research, and innovation…
More here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343444/moroccos-new-council-for-scientific-research-a-step-in-the-right-direction
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Morocco Cereal Grain Yields Show a 22% Increase In 2020-2021 Harvest

Experts reported higher yields across several staple crops and the increase is due to a tailored fertilizer program initiated in this harvest season, as well as above-average rainfall.

Shaquille Goff, July 15, 2021 Denver

Reports from agricultural experts of Al Moutmir indicate Morocco’s cereal yields for the 2020-2021 year are substantially higher than average. The group reported national yields in cereal increased to an average of 44 Quintals, or around 4400 kilograms per hectare.  A comparison with a control group that was monitored indicates this percentage is about 22% higher. Legumes, such as lentils and chickpeas, showed an increase of 28%. These tests were conducted at several demonstration platforms (PFD) run by the group. Al Moutmir is currently monitoring over 4,404 PFDs across the country………
Follow the link here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343421/morocco-cereal-grain-yields-show-a-22-increase-in-2020-2021-harvest  
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Tangier: A Day Tour of Morocco’s Northern Andalusian Gem

Take a tour of a day in Morocco’s northern treasure, Tangier, with Morocco World News

Michael Sauers, July 16th, 2021 Rabat

When one thinks of Morocco, the luscious, green, roving hills of Tangier and its sandy shores do not immediately come to mind. Many tourists often expect to see Saharan dunes and herds of camels. Tangier offers a Moroccan twist on old world Spain. From the ornate architecture to the diverse range of gastronomy, Tangier has everything you need to feel like you are in an ancient, Mediterrannean-inspired civilization……
Read it here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343454/tangier-a-day-tour-of-moroccos-northern-andalusian-gem
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Fez, Morocco: A whole new way to experience the medinas

July 16,2021

“It was 2009 when I walked, for the first time, through the arched blue gates leading to the heart of the Fez medina. In an instant, I became Alice in Wonderland, tumbling down the rabbit hole, landing smack dab in the middle of a crazy tableau set against a backdrop from a bygone era. I was captivated by the perpetual chaos. I fell in love. Someday, I promised myself, I will write a story that takes place right here.” Fast-forward 10 years, I am back in Fez to conduct research for my upcoming novel, The Moroccan Daughter, with two friends in tow. Now, whenever I arrive on location for a book, it’s crucial that I force myself out of tourist mode immediately, in order to see everything through my characters’ eyes. Usually it’s not terribly difficult. But in this story, as in the last two I’d written, one of my characters, Bea, is almost completely blind, and I’ve often had to keep my eyes closed to capture the smells, sounds, flavours, and feelings that would make up Bea’s experiences. Navigating the medina, with its nine thousand alleyways, uneven paths, treacherous steps, skittish donkeys, and unyielding crowds would certainly be a challenge……
More here:https://www.escape.com.au/destinations/africa/fez-morocco-a-whole-new-way-to-experience-the-medinas/news-story/f450821398c8664a6eea2b4faa226ff3
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Challenges of Being a Tattoo Artist in Morocco

In a rather conservative society where tattoos (body art) are forbidden by the state religion, being a tattoo artist in Morocco is quite a peculiar job.

Ghizlane Alaoui, July 18th, 2021 Rabat

Tattoos are considered among the oldest art forms known to man. A tattoo artist makes a living from their art. While there are a few tattoo salons across Morocco in cities like Rabat, Casablanca, Marrakech, and Tangier,  tattoos are not widely accepted in Moroccan society yet.  Tattoos date back to ancient times. Ethnic groups had them for diverse reasons. Amazigh women used to have traditional tattoos mainly on their faces, feet, arms. It was considered a symbolic rite of passage for young women, and throughout their lives. They used to create the ink themselves as an integral part of their culture, even though they happen to forcefully tattoo some women. Just like in the Hawaiian tradition, Amazigh tattoos differ from the Western forms of tattooing, as it is the tattoo artist that determines the design.

While Amazigh tattoos were widely accepted in society, the practice started disappearing due to multiple factors. On one hand, the practice started disappearing because of the French occupation of Morocco, and the influence of Islamization in the country. On the other hand, globalization and its related social and cultural changes made traditional Amazigh tattoos unappealing and uncool to a modernity-hungry Moroccan society. This marked a turning point in the perception of tattoos. Society started shaming Amazigh women for being tattooed, reaching a point where some women have started getting their tattoos removed today……………………
Follow it here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343472/challenges-of-being-a-tattoo-artist-in-morocco
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Sijilmasa: Morocco’s Contribution to the Trans-Saharan Gold Trade

Established in 757 A.D. and abandoned 600 years later in 1393 , what exactly made the city so important in its 600 years of existence?

Toms Dumpis, July 14th, 2021 Rabat

With Morocco’s call for expression of interest in research and development of the 1,300-year-old Sijilmassa archeological site, it is time to discover the monumental and historically-important national pride. What exactly was Sijilmasa? Sijilmasa is a Moroccan historic site that served as the focal point of the Trans-Saharan gold trade, established in 757 A.D. and ultimately, abandoned 600 years later in 1393 A.D. It was located near the northern edge of the Sahara in Morocco, near what is known today as Errachidia in Draa-Tafilalet. Dale R. Lightfoot, and James A. Miller, who published “Sijilmassa: The Rise and Fall of a Walled Oasis in Medieval Morocco,” note in their research that many Arab geographers and historians considered it as one of the wealthiest cities in the whole of Maghrib. They also stressed that “prior to abandonment in 1393, Sijilmassa constituted a global place in the premodern era.”……………………………
Read more here: https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2021/07/343409/sijilmasa-moroccos-contribution-to-the-trans-saharan-gold-trade
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Productively (and Joyfully) Meeting (Again) Members of the Aguerzrane Women’s Cooperative

By Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir, HAF President, July 15, 2021

The High Atlas Foundation (HAF) implements the USAID Farmer-to-Farmer Program (F2F) in Morocco. As part of this volunteer initiative team members visited the members of the Aguerzrane women’s cooperative located in the Toubkal Municipality of the Taroudant Province on Thursday the 8th of July. It was a follow up meeting to facilitate participatory monitoring with members to understand the impact and needs following the Imagine Empowerment Workshop and visits by local F2F Volunteer agricultural experts working virtually in conjunction with American professionals……
Check it here: https://highatlasfoundation.org/productively-and-joyfully-meeting-again-members-of-the-aguerzrane-womens-cooperative/=====================================================

The Importance of Plants in Religious Art

San Diego Jewish World. By Prof. Ellen Hernandez July 14, 2021

MARRAKECH, Morocco — What is the message conveyed by the representation of plants in religious text? What do the images that these references bring to our minds tell us about a people and a society? These are questions posed by award-winning artist and author Gloria Abella Ballen, whose book Garden of Eden: Plants of the Hebrew Bible was the subject of a recent webinar sponsored by the American Sephardic Federation.
Born in Bogota, Colombia, Abella Ballen grew up in a Spanish Jewish family of artists and anthropologists. She has made a career of artistic expression influenced by her international travels and residences, including Morocco, and her study of Sephardic illuminated texts. Her 2015 book The Power of the Hebrew Alphabet leads the reader through visual expressions of the alphabet’s 22 letters, blending art, symbolism, and religious spirituality. That book, prepared through research in the libraries at Oxford and in the U.S., Israel, and Spain, has received multiple awards for its fusion of art and religious symbolism…
Read more here: https://highatlasfoundation.org/the-importance-of-plants-in-religious-art/=====================================================

Reflection: My Two Days of Imagine Phase Learning

In WOMEN'S EMPOWERMENT July 19, 2021 By Sanae Benaadim, Imagine Empowerment Facilitator, HAF Office Manager & Volunteer Coordinator

Thinking back to the beginning of my volunteering at HAF, I attended the first Women’s Empowerment workshop. I was an excited, conscientious, and avid learner who was motivated by understanding the unknown. I loved exploring myself using the IMAGINE workshop tools long after this first workshop experience. Back then, I did not hesitate to talk with Fatima Zahra, HAF’s lead Imagine facilitator, to become an apprentice and demonstrate my passion to learn more about this magical program.

I have loved attending the three observation workshops with my mentor Amina over the course of the last year. The next step was then to facilitate the Imagine workshop during two days known as the “Learning Phase,” which took place on July 8-9, 2021. For several reasons, it was a true honor to have the opportunity to replicate what I have learned, read, and researched of the IMAGINE workshop during the Learning Phase. I discovered that preparation and knowing the background of the workshop participants is very helpful as a facilitator. I know perfectly the language and materials to use in order to motivate participants  and to create an environment that enables them to talk freely and share their thoughts and feelings………………………………..
Read more here: https://highatlasfoundation.org/reflection-my-two-days-of-imagine-phase-learning/
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Harnessing Science for Sustainable Agriculture

By Samirah Jaigirdar July 13, 2021

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to achieve a better and more sustainable future. The SDGs were set up in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly, to be achieved by 2030. Nations around the world adopted these goals in recognition of the fact that ending poverty must be done in tandem with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and drive economic growth, while tackling climate change and preserving our oceans and forests.

The 17 SDGs are: (1) No Poverty, (2) Zero Hunger, (3) Good Health and Well-being, (4) Quality Education, (5) Gender Equality, (6) Clean Water and Sanitation, (7) Affordable and Clean Energy, (8) Decent Work and Economic Growth, (9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, (10) Reducing Inequality, (11) Sustainable Cities and Communities, (12) Responsible Consumption and Production, (13) Climate Action, (14) Life Below Water, (15) Life On Land, (16) Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions, (17) Partnerships for the Goals.

On June 6, 2021, the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) held a side event for the 2021 HLPF titled From Science to Practice: Harnessing Research to Build Forward Better. At this forum, a panel of experts from around the world discussed how research often fails to find its way into policy-making circles due to technical, cultural, political, institutional and financial barriers………………..
Check it here: https://highatlasfoundation.org/harnessing-science-for-sustainable-agriculture/
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Sub-Saharan African migration into Morocco

By Max Berengaut  /  July 19, 2021 Modern Ghana

Entering Morocco, Sub-Saharan African migrants find themselves at a crossroads. There isthe promise of an economic future waiting for them in Europe, but the path to it is perilous.They require either an assurance of asylum status or some familial relationship with aEuropean in order to enter into Europe without any problems. Unfortunately, many will haveneither, forcing them into dangerous and irregular means of entry into Europe, or at timesleading them to stay in Morocco. While Morocco has for most of its history been anemigration country, its geographic usefulness puts it at the forefront of migration in the Mediterranean, between one of the most populous emigration centers in the world, Sub-Saharan Africa, and one of the most popular immigration destinations in the world, Western…..
Check it here: https://highatlasfoundation.org/articles/sub-saharan-african-migration-into-morocco/
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